Aleš Završnik

Director of the Institute

Professor Aleš Završnik is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of Law in Ljubljana and a full professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Ljubljana, where he received his PhD. He has completed postdoctoral training at the ETH Zürich, and Max Planck Institute in Freiburg and the Faculty of Law of the University of Oslo. His research focuses on topics at the intersection of law, information technology and crime. He is interested in the impact of new technologies on human rights, social control and subjectivity. He has conducted several research projects at the Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of Law in Ljubljana and Zürich. At the Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, he lectures at the first Bologna and at the PhD levels, for example, on Crime, Social Control and Information Technology. He has been involved in the development of the regulation of new technologies at the Council of Europe, e.g. with the Council of Europe’s European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) in the development of the European Charter on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Justice Systems (2018) and the Council of Europe’s Committee of Experts on Criminal Matters (CD-PC) on Artificial Intelligence and Criminal Law Liability. At the national level, he has participated in several inter-ministerial working groups to prepare fundamental guidelines for the work of ministries. He cooperates with the European Research Council (ERC) in the ethical review procedures of security and ICT projects and the ethical appraisal procedures of other European and national research agencies. His bibliography comprises more than 500 units. He has received several awards for his scientific work, including the European Society of Criminology’s Best Article of the Year 2021 Award.

Fields of research: 

at the intersection of law, IT, crime and social control. For example, he has worked on cybercrime and cyberbullying, the impact of artificial intelligence on human rights and fundamental procedural guarantees in criminal proceedings, algorithmic surveillance, the regulation of hate speech, ethics and automated driving, privacy and data protection law issues and surveillance, the impact of social media on democracy and the phenomenon of fake news, problems related to autonomous weapons and drones, large EU IT biometric systems and crimmigration, big data and social control, automation of justice, and ethical and legal regulation of Artificial intelligence.

Aleš Završnik | ENG | Selected publications

Scientific articles

Books and edited collections

Contributions to edited collections

  • ZAVRŠNIK, Aleš, KRIŽNAR, Primož. Legal standards of location privacy in light of the mosaic theory. In: NEWELL, Bryce Clayton (ed.), TIMAN, Tjerk (ed.), KOOPS, Bert-Jaap (ed.). Surveillance, privacy and public space, (Routledge studies in surveillance, 2). Abingdon; New York: Routledge. 2018, pp. 199-220.
  • ZAVRŠNIK, Aleš. Why there are no convictions of hate speech in Slovenia? From the implementation fetters to rigid explanation (Orig.: Zakaj obsodb sovražnega govora v Sloveniji ni? : od okov implementacije do rigidnosti razlage). In: SPLICHAL, Slavko (ed.). In defence of public (Orig.: Zagovor javnosti : med svobodo izražanja in sovražnim govorom, (Razprave, 33). Ljubljana: The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. 2017, pp. 101-114.
  • CAMPBELL, Marilyn, ZAVRŠNIK, Aleš. Should cyberbullying be criminalized?. In: SMITH, Peter K., STEFFGEN, Georges (eds.). Cyberbullying through the new media: findings from an international network. London; New York: Psychology Press. 2013, pp. 65-82.
  • ZAVRŠNIK, Aleš. Criminal justice systems’ (over)reactions to IT security threats. In: BELLINI, Marcello (ed.). Current issues in IT security. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. 2010, pp. 113-135.

Full and updated bibliography:


Cyberspace 2022

Cyberspace 2022

CYBERSPACE 2022 Our researchers Prof. Dr. Aleš Završnik, Aleksej Jankovič and Iva Ramuš Cvetkovič attended the international conference CYBERSPACE 2022 in Brno. The now traditional conference, which celebrated its 20th anniversary this year, covers a wide range of...


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