Dr. Lior Volinz is a post-doctoral researcher at the Crime and Society (CRiS) research group of the Department of Criminology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB, Belgium). His research interest includes surveillance and policing technologies, digital governance, and the privatization and pluralization of security provision. Lior is working as a lead researcher in the research project ‘Producing Urban Legibility: Mobile City Applications and the Local Governance of Minor Offences’. Lior defended his PhD at the University of Amsterdam (2019), with a dissertation titled ‘The Modular Security Toolbox – Assembling State and Citizenship in Jerusalem’.